Robinson – Rules for Speakers

– Be prepared.
– Speak distinctly.
– Look your audience in the eyes.
– Favor your deep tones.
– Be logical.

– Don’t be afraid of your voice
– Don’t forget your audience can think.
– Don’t be ashamed of your own opinion.
– Don’t cover too much ground
– Don’t forget to practice.

First Aid
– Be prepared and don’t rely on inspiration.
– Have a definite purpose.
– Avoid irrelevancy.
– Be sincere, earnest, and enthusiastic.
– Don’t hurry into your subject.
– Wait for attention.
– Begin in a conversational tone but loud enough to be heard.
– Don’t force gestures.
– Cultivate the straight-forward open eye.
– Don’t walk about while speaking.
– Don’t be didactic.
– Good diction is the passport recognized by everyone.
– Cultivate a genial manner.
– Pauses are of great oratorical value.
– Read aloud and regularly.
– The best way to learn to speak is to speak.

– Walter Robinson

Rules for Speakers

Framework – Enthusiasm

Enthusiasm makes men strong. It wakes them up, brings out their latent powers, keeps up incessant action, impels to tasks requiring strength; and these develop it. Many are born to be giants, yet few grow above common men, from lack of enthusiasm. They need waking up; if set on fire by some eager impulse, inspired by some grand resolve, they would soon rise head and shoulders above their fellows. But they sleep, doze, wait for public sentiment, cling to the beaten paths, dread sacrifices, shun hardships, and die weaklings.

– Theological Framework


Farrar – Living

A life spent in brushing clothes, and washing crockery, and sweeping floors – a life which the proud of the earth would have treated as the dust under their feet; a life spent at the clerk’s desk; a life spent in the narrow shop; a life spent in the laborer’s hut, may yet be a life so ennobled by God’s loving mercy that for the sake of it a king might gladly yield his crown.

– Farrar

Street Sweeper

Holmes – Heroes

No man has earned the right to intellectual ambition until he has learned to lay his course by a star which he has never seen – to dig by the divining rod for springs which he may never reach . . . To think great thoughts you must be heroes as well as idealists. Only when you have worked alone – when you have felt around you a black gulf of solitude more isolating than that which surrounds the dying man, and in hope and in despair have trusted to your own unshaken will – then only will you have achieved. Thus only can you gain the secret isolated joy of the thinker, who knows that, a hundred years after he is dead and forgotten, men who never heard of him will be moving to the measure of his thought – the subtle rapture of a postponed power, which the world knows not because it has no external trappings, but which to his prophetic vision is more real than that which commands an army.

– Oliver Wendell Holmes